Scholar Rescue in the Modern World, funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, is an effort to share with a larger community the breadth and nature of the persecution of scholars around the globe. It is based on data from the first five years of activity of the Scholar Rescue Fund. SRF is a program within the Institute of International Education that provides support and safe haven to threatened scholars. The report proposes a number of new ideas and programs to mitigate the persecution of academics worldwide. These include, for example, establishing an index of scholar persecution, developing a UN convention against the persecution of scholars, decreasing barriers for academics to cross borders, and developing scenarios that might predict the next big academic crisis.